Cross State Air Pollution

Originally posted on 

Back in 2012, I wrote about the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) and the impacts of pollution that traveled via wind from one state to another. It was a look at the effects of dirty air from “upwind” states on “downwind” states.

Now, 5 years later, a study released December 2017 by Muzhe Yang (Associate Professor in the Economics Department) and Shin-yi Chou (Professor of Economics) of Lehigh University has proven the validity of the “cross-state” air pollution premise. They have authored the paper, The Impact of Environmental Regulation on Fetal Health: Evidence from the Shutdown of a Coal-Fired Power Plant Located Upwind of New Jersey.

Ozone pollution, or smog, is carried by the wind. This pollution has decreased over time, in part thanks to mandates to reduce dangerous emissions. Yet, climate change exacerbates air pollution, as heat makes ozone pollution and smog worse. Increased heat waves that are expected to come with climate change could mean ozone pollution won’t fall as fast as it would under normal conditions.

The analysis of this study  examines a specific coal-fired power plant situated on the state borderline between Pennsylvania and New Jersey.

The facility in question was the Portland Generating Station, which was on the Pennsylvania side of the Delaware River. Its shut down in 2014 had a major ramification for the downwind residents of New Jersey. Data revealed a 15 percent reduction in the numbers of low birth weight babies, and a decrease in the occurrence of preterm births by 28 percent.

The results emphasized potential accomplishments when the power of federal law, under the Clean Air Act, supersedes state regulatory directives.

The ruling from the EPA categorized the installation as “a sole pollution source” harming the air quality of New Jersey. The state counties included Warren, Sussex, Morris, and Hunterdon.

The research drilled down on a look at the pollution coming from plant eighteen months prior to its termination. It showed sulfur dioxide emissions at 2,596.648 tons monthly. In the same time span (eighteen months) after the closing, the emissions measured almost zero.

The information was collected from zip codes covering downwind areas within sixty miles of the plant.

Earlier in 2017, a related report by Yang and Chou, with two other writers, showed that infants born during 1990-2006 had a 6.5 percent greater risk of low birth weight and a 17.12 percent greater risk of a very low birth rate (less than 5.50 pounds). This applied to mothers residing within a twenty to thirty-mile radius.

To get an idea about the extent of the pollution that the Portland Generating Station was emitting — in 2006 it ranked number five in the nation for sulfur dioxide emissions. In 2009, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection released figures showing that the plant had spewed out a total of 30,465 tons of sulfur dioxide – which equaled over two times the annual sulfur dioxide emissions from all the “electricity-generating facilities in New Jersey combined.”

The creators of the reports believe that the EPA should be more proactive in taking individual states to task when their actions affect the health and well-being of their neighbors.

They also noted that when studies have been done to gauge the connection between public health and the Cross-State Air Pollution Rules, fetal health concerns have been overlooked. In light of the fact that there has been ongoing evidence to show that fetal health is a benchmark for outcomes in later life — from physical health to education and earnings — it seems like an obvious oversight.

And a refresher for those who don’t remember the actions of current EPA head, Scott Pruitt, back in 2011 when he was the Attorney General of Oklahoma…he sued the EPA over the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule.

The impacts of emissions from coal-fired power plants directly affect the fetal health of our babies. Please take a look at this WIND MAP and you can see how the children in your state share the air with other states.

Pumpkin Spice & Everything Nice

It’s that time of year again. Where pumpkin spice rules the stores and if your going into town you automatically buy a coffee. Most of us are happy to see chilly weather come after a hot summer but there are some things that fall brings along that are not so pleasant.

Allergies are a big factor when going from summer to fall all over the US. The biggest contributor is ragweed. It is a flowering plant found all over North America. There are 17 different varieties of ragweed with varying different appearances and growth rates. With this year’s warm weather front continuing longer than we have expected it looks like ragweed is here to stay a little longer, according to AccuWeather.

When the regular fall season sets in we encourage everyone to change their air filters because the heaters will be on soon. But this year we recommend changing your filter because of the up swing in the pollen count. If you have a filter size ending in 1 in, we urge you to change your filter every 30 to 90 days. If you use our Tru Mini Pleat filters you could change them less often because of it’s unique design resulting in energy savings! If you opt for the Tru Mini Pleat we urge you to stick with the Merv 8 rating which is an equivalent to a Merv 12 in a regular pleated filter.

Changing your filter regularly is way more important than that pumpkin spice coffee your drinking right now. Don’t put off changing your filter because it will harm the air you breathe in your own home! So do yourself a favor and get some new air filters so that you and your family can breathe happier, breathe easier and breathe pure.

Behind the Scenes

In a world of online sales and businesses, who are we? Who is Nordic Pure? What do we do, why do we do it? What is our mission? This post will address all of that. We want you to trust us, just like the old local hardware stores in your community. So let us introduce ourselves.

Who is Nordic Pure?

We are a family owned company in Celina, Texas. Home of the Celina Bobcats. (Go Bobcats!) A small rural area with a lot of open land. Our owner decided to build his home and his business out here because of the great community and the chance for expansion in the ever growing area of North Texas. Our owner has had his hand in several industries, including lawn care, but he noticed that there weren’t a lot of great options for home air filters. So he did some research and found people who would join his team. Several of those people were family! We have expanded since that time in 2004. Our owner is a man named Russell Schmidt, he struck a deal with a couple in Tulsa, Oklahoma to help him assemble the filters using quality products in the sizes most needed. To this day we have approximately 70 people who assemble the filters, 10 people at headquarters, and 2 contractors. We are small but mighty; at headquarters we speak with all customers personally and at the factory they assemble filters by hand making sure quality is first. At this moment we are online only. We have been contacted by several national businesses wanting our product but none have worked out yet because we are unwilling to compromise on quality. We are ever expanding our area online with our website, Amazon and Ebay.

Why we do it?

We make air filters for people’s home. It isn’t super glamorous but we are really proud of what we do. We are a part of an industry dedicated to making the world a better place through education and quality products. We make quality filters so your family and ours can breathe better indoors. Which is what we call indoor air quality. There are a lot of things that can affect your indoor air quality; dust and minute particles, chemicals and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which are hazardous to inhale. Your indoor air can be 2 to 5 times more polluted than outdoor air! That is a big deal to us. So we are making it our mission to draw more attention to indoor air pollution. We are worried about outdoor air pollution but we spend 90 % of our time indoors and if we are breathing in toxic air it will shorten our life span.

How you can help.

Educate yourselves first and foremost. Take a look at all awareness sites, for all human issues. Such issues are air pollution, indoor air pollution, water and so on. Take a look at the book Silent Spring which can show you the history on how we have affected our planet and how we can help it. Get your kids involved, show them how to care for our planet and others. We only have one planet.


Last but not least let us know if you have any questions about us or indoor air quality or what not. We want you to be educated and make the best decisions possible for you and your family. Hopefully we have showed you a little bit about us, let us know about you and your family!